Grasslands of the World Notes | Study Geography for UPSC

Grasslands of the World Notes | Study Geography for UPSC

Grasslands of the World: The assemblage of plant species in an environment is known as natural vegetation. Grasses, forests and shrubs all come under natural vegetation. For the growth of the plant rainfall and temperature are the main factors.

In the area where a decrease of rainfall is less, the concentration and size of the trees decrease. For example in a cold region, rainfall is less, so the growing season is very short, therefore in cold regions plants present in scattered patches in the form of lichens and mosses.

Grassland is the type of vegetation present. Grassland is the area where grasses ans shrubs are present as natural vegetation. In grassland, tree concentration is less or there are no trees. According to UNESCO grassland is an area which covers herbaceous plants with less than 10% of shrubs and trees.

Characteristics Features of the Grasslands of the World:

Hot and Dry Area: Most of the grassland climate is dry and hot. 

Short Plants: Grasslands have plants with short lengths like grasses and shrubs. The area in which grassland grow is dry and the soil is not fertile, this condition does not support the growth of the trees.

Change in Appearance: In winter grassland look dull and brown. In summer grassland look bright and green in colour.

Fast Growin Grasses: Grasses has an amazing property of growing back. After grazing, grasses have a tendency to quickly grow back. 

Types of Grassland:

  • Temperate Grasslands
  • Tropical Grasslands are present between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, near the equator.
  • Interior part of the continents, grasslands are present.
  • They are also known as Savannahs.
  • They provide excellent ground for hunting.


  1. East Africa- Savanna
  2. Venezuela- Llanos
  3. Brazil- Campos
  4. Tropical Grasslands 
  • They consist of shrubs and grasses.
  • The climate is semi-arid to semi-humid or temperate.
  • Soil is fertile with rich in minerals and nutrients.
  • The climate is extremely hot in summer or extreme cold in winter.
  • Precipitation here is in the form of snow or dew.
  • Examples:
  1. Argentina- Pampas
  2. Asia- Steppe
  3. America- Prairie
  4. Australia- Down
  5. South Africa- Veld

Names of the grassland in the World

In the world, different names are used to refer to grassland.

In Europe and North, Asia grassland is known as Steppe.

In hungry it is known as Pustaz

In Argentina grassland is known as Pampas

In New Zealand, it is known as Canterbury

In Africa and Australia, grassland is known as Savannah

In Europe and Asia, grassland known as  Taiga

Famous Grassland of the World

Largest Grassland in the World

Eurasian Steppe is the largest grassland extending from China to Hungry.

Smallest Grandland in the World

Shrubland and African (Madagascan) Montane Grassland are the grassland that is the smaller in the world.

Biggest Grassland Biome

African savanna that provides grazing ground for the wild animals is the biggest grassland biome in the world.

The function of the Grassland Ecosystem:

Play role in the food chain.

They provide grazing fields for the animals most in rural areas.

Grasses are used to make farm sheds and houses.

Grassland consists of many species of insects that help in pollination.

Economic Importance of Grassland:

S.NoGrasslandEconomic Value
1. PampasAlfalfa: nutrient-rich grass. Ranching, cattle rearing; Dairy products good production of wheat, Economy depends on wheat and beef export
2.Downs and CanterburyRearing of sheep and cattle wool production
3.VeldtsRearing of sheep and cattle maize farming
4.PustazGood production of wheat, rich in black soil.
5.PrairiesRanching in large amounts, a large number of wheat granaries.


Q. What are grasslands?

Ans: Grassland is the area where grasses ans shrubs are present as natural vegetation. In grassland, tree concentration is less or there are no trees.

Q. Write the type of grassland.

Ans: Two types of grasslands are temperate grasslands and tropical grassland.

Q. Why grasslands are important?

Ans: Grasslands are important because they provide grazing ground for the animals, protect soil from wind and water, give shelter to diverse lifeforms and help in maintaining soil erosion.

Q. How many grasslands are in the world?

Ans: In the world, there are 12 grasslands in the world.

Q. How many grasslands are in India?

Ans: In India, there are four types of grassland.

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