Who is the Father of Geography?  

father of geography?

It is interesting to know Geography, but who is the father of Geography?

Let us get started with this article and know who he was, where he was from, and more! So here is a knowledge ride!

Who is the father of geography?

The ancient Greek scholar Eratosthenes is the “Father of Geography.” He was the first to use the term geography.  He had a small-scale understanding of the planet, which helped him calculate the earth’s circumference. Eratosthenes showed a wide range of abilities. He was a Greek mathematician, geographer, astronomer, poet and music theorist who lived in the 5th century BC.

Who is known as the father of geography?

In the discipline of geography, he introduced a vocabulary still used today. He is the first person to determine the Earth’s diameter. He used the data he had access to as part of his job at the library. He was also the first person to determine the axial tilt of the Earth, which proved to be extremely precise. Based on his geographic knowledge, he developed the first global projection of the earth.

Eratosthenes is credited with inventing scientific chronology. He also attempted to modify the dates of the semi-mythological Trojan War’s major incidents. He popularised the Eratosthenes’ sieve for detecting prime numbers in number theory.

Eratosthenes desired to grasp all of the world’s intricacies. According to the Suda, his critics despised him by naming him Beta, but his admirers dubbed Pentathlos after the Olympians. He had established himself as an expert in every field of study for them.

As he possessed a wide range of abilities, the Suda Lexicon referred to Eratosthenes as an “All-Rounder.”

The Eratosthenes were also responsible for determining the diameter of the Sun. According to Eratosthenes, the diameter of the Sun is approximately 27 times that of the Earth. At the same time, the actual figure is 109 times higher.

Additionally, Eratosthenes created a calendar based on his assumptions related to the Earth’s ecliptic. He computed that there are 365 days in a year and 366 days in the fourth year.

Importance of Geography in History

By studying geography we can predict the history of the area, geography of the areas can tell us many things about the past like rock type, river condition, atmospheric condition and diversity of living organisms tells us many things about the history of that area.


Q. Name the person who first discovered geography?

Ans: The person who first discovered geography was Eratosthenes.

Q. Who do you think is the father of human geography?

Ans: Carl Ritter is the founder of the field of human geography.

Q. Who do you think is the father of Indian geography?

Ans: The Father of Indian Geography is James Rennell.

Q. What is the name of the father of civics?

Ans: Benjamin Franklin is known as the Father of Civics.

Q. Who is referred to as the “Father of the Earth”?

Ans: Geb is known as the father of earth.

Q. Who is the modern father of Geography?

Ans: Eratosthenes is the modern father of Geography.

Q. Who is the father of Geography in Hindi?

Ans: Father of Geography in Hindi is हिकैटियस.

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